The ascent of Muhammad to heaven (mi’rāj) – Sulṭān Muḥammad,

miraj_by_sultan_muhammad
The ascent of Muhammad to heaven (mi’rāj) by Sultan Muhammad This is a featured picture on the Turkish language Wikipedia (Seçkin resimler) and is considered one of the finest images. Sultan Muhammad-between 1539 and 1543 Medium- opaque watercolor and ink on paper Dimensions 28.7 × 18.6 cm (11.2 × 7.3 in)

Sulṭān Muḥammad, (flourished 16th century, Ṣafavid Iran), one of the greatest of Persian painters and the most notable artist of the Ṣafavid school at Tabrīz.

During the period 1495–1522 Sulṭān Muḥammad was probably the leading exponent of the Turkmen school of painting current in western Iran under the White Sheep and Black Sheep Turkmens. This school was marked by dynamic verve, illogical perspectives, concealed grotesques, violent colours, and a strong tendency to see excess as a source of virtue. This Dionysiac style was well suited to the fervent temperament of Shāh Esmāʿīl I. Yet in 1522, when the aged painter Behzād of Herāt came to reside at the court with several of his disciples, Sulṭān Muḥammad began to be influenced by the balanced, harmonious, and humane school of Herāt. The result was a magnificent blend of all the best elements of Persian painting. Sulṭān Muḥammad also found the perfect patron, the young shāh Ṭahmāsp I, son of Esmāʿīl, who took paint ing lessons from him. No doubt Ṭahmāsp’s predilection for Herāt painting also influenced the work of Sulṭān Muḥammad.

During the period 1520–38 Sulṭān Muḥammad worked along with the other court artists on the great Shāh-nāmeh of Ṭahmāsp. With Shaykh-zādeh, a pupil of Behzād, he illustrated a Divān of Ḥāfiz and a Divān of the Turkish poet Mīr ʿAlī Shīr Navāʿī in 1526 and 1527. He also worked (1539–43) on the Khamseh of Neẓāmī, illustrated for Shāh Ṭahmāsp. Soon after this the Shāh turned away from painting, convinced that it was a frivolous and irreligious diversion, and though some of the Shāh’s relatives continued to act as patrons, Sulṭān Muḥammad seems to have painted no more. His son, Mīrzā ʿAlī (Muḥammadī), already a notable artist, became one of the leading painters of the next generation.

Sulṭān Muḥammad’s style was diverse, and he was considered a master by his contemporaries. In composition, colour, draftsmanship, verve, wit, and profundity he is clearly one of the greatest painters of the Islāmic world, on a par with Behzād.


Image referrences- Jon Thompson, Sheila R. Canby (eds)., Hunt for paradise, court art of Safavid Iran, 1501-1576, cat. exh. New York, Asia Society Museum, 2003-2004, Milan, Skira Editore, 2003, p. 117-118, n°4.29

Attribution: Sultan Muhammad [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Biography:  Article: Encyclopedia Britannica. 2018. Sulṭān Muḥammad | Persian painter | Britannica.com. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Sultan-Muhammad. [Accessed 30 April 2018].

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Storia illustrata — Vultureşti

via Storia illustrata — Vultureşti

2018-04-16: Monochrome Monday — Jennifer Sawicky Photography

I’m starting the week off with an adorable baby elephant that I had the pleasure of spending part of my last morning on safari with. It never hurts to start the week with something sweet Wishing you all a fantastic week ahead.

via 2018-04-16: Monochrome Monday — Jennifer Sawicky Photography

Stress-THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON

Según una organización benéfica del Reino Unido para la salud mental, 1 de cada 5 británicos ha enfermado por el estrés laboral, y 1 de cada 4 ha llorado en el trabajo por causa de la tensión. En el 2009, año de crisis económica, hubo un aumento sin precedentes en la venta de antidepresivos….

 

THE TEMPLE OF SOLOMON

Describes the tragicomedy of life and comparisons.

It’s three  – in English

According to a UK charity for mental health, 1 in 5 Britons has fallen ill from work-related stress, and 1 in 4 has cried at work because of stress. In 2009, the year of economic crisis, there was an unprecedented increase in the sale of antidepressants.

What things cause you stress?

  • Economic and other types of insecurity

  • A grueling routine

  • The interpersonal problems

  • A traumatic experience

How does stress affect you?

  • Health problems

  • Emotional stress

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Depression

  • Deterioration of their personal relationships

Stress activates the body’s amazing emergency system, which releases hormones that raise the breathing rate, heart rate and blood pressure. It also increases the concentration of blood cells and glucose in the blood. This set of reactions prepares the body to deal with the source of stress. Once the stress goes down, the body returns to normal, but if it does not decrease, it can cause chronic tension; it is as if the body were an engine that is always accelerated. So, to be physically and mentally healthy, we have to learn to manage stress.

Stress itself is not bad. The American Psychological Association compares it to the tension of a violin string. If there is very little voltage, the sound will be off and out of tune; If there is too much, it will be strident or the string will break. He also comments: “Stress can be the kiss of death or the salt of life. The question is really how to handle it. “

On the other hand, people have different temperaments and some are healthier than others. What causes tension to one person may not affect another. However, if your routine makes you so tense that it does not allow you to relax or react well to difficult situations, you will most likely suffer from chronic stress.

There are those who resort to drugs, alcohol or tobacco to “manage” their stress. Others modify their eating behaviors or spend a lot of time in front of the television or computer. However, none of this attacks the root of the problem; On the contrary, it could make it worse. So, what is the correct way to handle stress?

Total security does not exist. Try these suggestions:

  • Talk to a family member or friend you trust. Various studies show that the support of loved ones protects us from illnesses related to stress. Yes, a true friend “loves at all times, and is a brother born for when there is anguish”.

  • Do not always think of the worst; The only thing you will achieve is to wear yourself out emotionally. In addition, it is most likely that the terrible situations you imagine will never happen.

Businessman running on a gear

Work, study, travel every day, take care of children, parents … These are things that tend to trigger the level of stress, and yet we have to do them. What to do then?

  • Try to find moments to relax and rest.

  • Put your priorities in proper order and lead a simple life. If possible, reduce your expenses or spend less time working.

Problems with other people, especially in the workplace, can generate a lot of stress. If this happens to you, think about the following suggestions:

  • When someone offends you, try to stay calm. Do not add fuel to the fire.

  • Try to resolve the differences privately. Treat the other person with dignity and respect.

  • Try to understand the feelings and views of the person who offended you. Putting yourself in the shoes of the other person will help you calm down. It is also useful to think about how others see it.

  • Excuse me Forgiveness is something beautiful … and good medicine. According to a study conducted in 2001, not forgiving significantly increases heart rate and blood pressure, while doing so reduces stress.

Raising Crane: On The Farm- Uncle Tree

 

 

Sandhill Cranes in Grand Island, Nebraska Photographs by Uncle Tree April 12, 2018 ▼  (Click on any pic to gain a larger view)

Source: Raising Crane: On The Farm

The Fallen Elm Poem by John Clare – Poem Hunter

The Old Elm
Old elm that murmured in our chimney top
The sweetest anthem autumn ever made
And into mellow whispering calms would drop
When showers fell on thy many coloured shade
And when dark tempests mimic thunder made –
While darkness came as it would strangle light
With the black tempest of a winter night
That rocked thee like a cradle in thy root –
How did I love to hear the winds upbraid[ ]

Source: The Fallen Elm Poem by John Clare – Poem Hunter

See Also Other John Clare Poems