Iceland’s Whooper Swans~ —

Whooper Swans are the Eurasian cousin of North American Trumpeter swans. They breed all over Iceland, and some overwinter in the thermally heated parts of Lake Myvatn. Interestingly, their North American Trumpeter Swan cousins do the same thing, spending winter in the thermally heated parts of the Yellowstone River. These beauties are aptly named as […]

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Data from the international Cassini spacecraft that explored Saturn and its moons between 2004 and 2017 has revealed what appear to be giant dust storms in equatorial regions of Titan.


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On any spacecraft, the antennas are key pieces of hardware, being the all-important links with Earth. After several years of development, the main communications dish on ESA’s Solar Orbiter is now ready to be integrated with the pioneering spacecraft.

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Follow the latest updates from ESA’s science missions on Twitter @esascience

awe inspiring natural sights in vietnam that arent ha long bay.

When it comes to natural wonders in Vietnam, you have to talk about Ha Long Bay. There’s no other place like it in the world, which is why hordes of tourists visit every year. But Vietnam has so much more to offer nature lovers, so let’s take a look at the mountains, rice paddies, lakes, waterfalls, caves and spectacular beaches you should also check out.

Hang Sơn Đoòng


Tours into the cave—the world’s biggest, by volume—aren’t cheap. The descent is tricky as well, so only experienced guides are allowed to take tourists inside. You also have to climb over the The Great Wall of Vietnam. This isn’t an excursion for a casual hiker, but it’s an experience to remember.

Côn Đảo

These lesser-known islands lie off the southern coast of Vietnam. In days long gone, political prisoners and other undesirables were sent here to be tortured for information. Nowadays, however, there are prime scuba diving spots and amazing hikes, plus you can check out some local wildlife such as the Crab-Eating Macaque and the Black Giant Squirrel. Sea turtles breed on these islands as well, and you can arrange with local park rangers to watch newly hatched babies as they start their harrowing adventures.


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Aerial view of Bắc Sơn valley, Lạng Sơn, Vietnam


Aerial view of Bắc Sơn valley, Lạng Sơn, Vietnam

In this far northern province of Vietnam, craggy karst mountains rise from green valleys, and fertile flatlands are mostly a patchwork of cultivated fields. A full 80 percent of the province’s economy is agriculture-based, and we see evidence of that from our overhead view of the Bắc Sơn valley. If you’re visiting a bit closer to terra firma, you won’t get quite this bird’s-eye view, but the high mountains rising above the valley provide visitors with expansive vistas of the spectacular landscape. The scene resembles the better-known and heavily touristed karst mountain regions of the neighboring Chinese province of Guangxi, but Lạng Sơn is still relatively undiscovered.
Guangxi province
Lạng Sơn Province
Sunrise mountain at Bac Son town Lang Son province vietnam

Lạng Sơn (About this sound listen) is a province in far northern Vietnam, bordering Guangxi province in China. Its capital is also called Lạng Sơn, which is a strategically important town at the border with China and is 137 kilometres (85 mi) northeast of Hanoi connected by rail and road.[1][2] Lạng Sơn Province is bounded by China in the north, Cao Bằng Province borders the northwest, Ha Bac Province to the south, Quảng Ninh Province starting on the south and extending to the eastern border and Thái Nguyên Province to the west.[3] The province covers an area of 8,327.6 square kilometres and as of 2008 it had a population of 759,000.[4]

Lạng Sơn Province, Hà Giang, Lào Cai, Bắc Giang, Bắc Kạn, Cao Bằng, Phú Thọ, Quảng Ninh, Thái Nguyên, Tuyên Quang and Yên Bái of the Northeast (Đông Bắc) region) are all part of the 59 administrative provinces and five municipalities in Vietnam.[5]

Ancient history of the province is linked to the Bronze Age when the trade route that existed between China and India that passed from the Red River Delta through Nanning to Guangzhou. The province was one of the 13 original provinces in northern Vietnam created under the reign of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1831.

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Patagonia, as usually defined.

Patagonia (Spanish pronunciation: [pataˈɣonja]) is a sparsely populated region located at the southern end of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile. The region comprises the southern section of the Andes mountains as well as the deserts, pampas and grasslands east of this southern portion of the Andes. Patagonia has two coasts: western facing the Pacific Ocean and eastern facing the Atlantic Ocean.

The Colorado and Barrancas rivers, which run from the Andes to the Atlantic, are commonly considered the northern limit of Argentine Patagonia.[1] The archipelago of Tierra del Fuego is sometimes included as part of Patagonia. Most geographers and historians locate the northern limit of Chilean Patagonia at Reloncaví Estuary.[2]




Bandera de Formentera
Seems like nearly every shade of blue glimmers in the waters that lap the coastline of Formentera. You’ll be tempted to glide through that translucent sea with snorkel and goggles. What else can you do on this 32-square-mile island off the east coast of Spain? If you follow the advice of many past visitors, the best course of action on Formentera is to do almost nothing. Walk the beautiful beaches. Snooze on the sand. Gaze at the sun as it sets over the Mediterranean Sea.

Unlike its more famous cousin Ibiza, some 4 miles north, Formentera isn’t full of dance clubs and partiers. It remains laid-back (especially during the off-season) and is one of the best places in the Balearic chain of Spanish Mediterranean islands to kick back and contemplate the nuances between azure, turquoise, and cerulean blue.



Formentera (Catalan pronunciation: [furmənˈteɾə], Spanish: [foɾmenˈteɾa]) is the smaller and more southerly island of the Pityusic Islands group (comprising Ibiza and Formentera, as well as various small islets), which belongs to the Balearic Islands autonomous community (Spain).


The island’s name is usually said to derive from the Latin word frumentarium, meaning “granary”. The island was occupied in prehistoric times, going back to 2,000-1,600 BC. Archaeological sites from that period remain in Ca na Costa,[1] Cap de Barbaria (multiple sites)[2] and Cova des Fum.[3] The island had been occupied by the Carthaginians before passing to the ancient Romans. In succeeding centuries, it passed to the Visigoths, the Byzantines, the Vandals, and the Arabs. In 1109 it was the target of a devastating attack by the Norwegian king Sigurd I at the head of the “Norwegian Crusade“. The island was conquered by the Catalans, added to the Crown of Aragon and later became part of the medieval Kingdom of Majorca.

From 1403 to the early 18th century the threat of barbary pirate attacks rendered the island uninhabitable.[4][5]

The island (along with its surrounding islets) became a separate insular council (with the same territory as the municipality of the same name) after 1977. Before that, it was administered in the former insular council of Ibiza and Formentera (covering the whole group of the Pityusic Islands), but in a separate comarca (which already covered the current municipality of Formentera). This reform allowed Ibiza to unify its comarca (of five municipalities) with its new insular council (no longer administrating Formentera).